astringent plant used internally for feverish colds & flu, indigestion,
hypertension, menstrual problems, etc; externally, stops bleeding. Rhizomatous
hardy perennial, 1-3'. Fields, roadsides - for any good, well-drained
soil, sun. Propagate by division of rhizomes, or seed (needs light).
calamus Calamus, Sweet flag
bitter, stimulant root used for indigestion, coughs & colds, endurance.
Important Ayurvedic restorative for brain, nervous system. Hardy, colony-forming
perennial herb; grassy-leaved, 1-3'. Wet soil, marsh or shallow water,
full sun. Propagate by division of rhizomes.
astringent plant used for digestive tonic, diarrhea, urinary infections,
phlegm, to clear toxins; externally for wounds, skin inflammations, etc.
Hardy perennial herb, 2'. Attractive compound leaves, yellow flowers.
Well-drained to dry soil, sun. Propagate by sed sown in spring, or division.
are a soothing, diuretic, urinary antiseptic, used for cystitus, prostatitis,
gout, rheumatism, etc. Lowers blood cholesterol. Very invasive perennial
grass, 2'. difficult to eradicate. Tolerates most soils, prefers sun.
Propagate by division of rhizomes.
julibrissin Mimosa tree, He huan
flowers are used for insomnia & irritability, flowers for poor memory,
bark (internally & externally) for injuries, skin conditions, lung
abcesses. Small, ornamental tree to 40'. Tolerant, prefers warmth, moisture
and sun. Propagate by seed sown in spring (nick or hot water soak before
fistulosum Welsh onion, Cong bai/xu
anti-inflammatory plant used in early stages of common cold (lowers fever
by causing perspiration), also expectorant. Perennial food (scallions)
Familiar green onion / scallion, 12". Propagate by seed sown in flat in
spring, transplant to rich, moist soil, full sun. Clumps may be divided.
antibiotic bulb; fights infection (colds, flu, etc), lowers blood pressure,
cholesterol, blood sugar, heart attack risk. Externally for acne, fungus,
etc Familiar culinary bulb, 12". . Rich, light, well-drained soil, full
sun. Propagate by individual cloves direct planted in autumn.
tuberosum Chinese/garlic chive, jiu zi
a warming yang tonic used for impotence, incontinence, lower back soreness,
etc. due to kidney deficiency. Leaves used as poultice, and edible Clump
forming perennial, 12-18", ornamental. Prefers rich soil, full sun. Propagate
by seed sown in spring (may self-sow), or divide clumps.
mucilaginous plant used for bronchitis, urinary tract infections, digestive
problems; externally for injuries, skin inflammations, etc. All parts
edible. Erect, hardy perennial herb, 3-5'. Prefers moist to wet soil and
sun. Propagate by seed or division of clumps, autumn or early spring.
lappa Burdock, Niu bang (zi)
and blood-cleansing, for skin conditions due to internal toxicity (eczema,
psoriasis). Seeds dispel wind heat (colds, fever, sore throat). Stout
biennial to 6' (2nd yr). Prefers deep, rich, moist soil, sun or part shade.
Direct sow in spring, spacing 6" (for roots) to 2' (for seeds). Edible
uva-ursi Bearberry, kinikinik
antiseptic and diuretic herb used especially for urinary tract infections,
cystitis, vaginitis, kidney and gallstones. Also in herbal smoking mixtures.
Low (6"), creeping, evergren groundcover. Peaty or sandy, acid soil, sun
to part shade. Propagate by division / layering; seed difficult, slow
stimulate circulation and reduce inflammation - used externally (only!)
for bruises, sprains, dislocations, muscle pain, etc. Homeopathic Hardy
perennial herb, 6" (flowering to 18"), spreading by rhizomes. Moist, acid,
sandy-peaty soil, full sun. Propagate by division or spring sown seed.
vulgaris Mugwort, Ai ye, moxa
bitter herb used for poor appetite & digestion, nerve tonic, female
reproductive system (regulate menstruation, etc.), expels parasites. Moxa
Rhizomatous hardy perennial herb, 2-3'; may be dangerously invasive. Most
soils, sun - part shade. Propagate by division or spring sown seed.
tuberosa Pleurisy root, Butterfly wd
diaphoretic, anti-spasmodic & expectorant properties; used for lung
conditions (bronchitis, asthma, etc.), fevers. Poulticed on sores, bruises,
etc. Hardy perennial herb, 2', showy. Average to dry soil, sun. Propagate
by seed sown autumn or early spring (cold aids germination), space 12".
membranaceus Milkvetch, Huang qi
tonic root, immune system ("defense energy") stimulant; used for fatigue,
poor appetite, spontaneous sweating due to deficiency, recuperation. Hardy
perennial herb, multistalked,3'. Prefers light/well-drained, slightly
alkaline soil, full sun. Propagate by seed sown direct or in flat, in
spring, space 12"
restorative, tonic herb/grain used especially for nervous system: depression,
anxiety, etc. Also used externally for skin condittions and in cosmetics.
Annual grain crop, 2-4'. Good soil and sun. Direct sow in autumn (mild
winter areas) or early spring, harvest in green (milky) seed stage.
tinctoria Wild indigo
antibacterial root stimulates immune system, used especially for head
and throat infections. Also used externally formulcers, boils, wounds,
etc. Hardy perennial herb, 3', multistalked, attractive. Prefers average
to dry, acid soil and sun. Sow seed in spring, direct or in pots (resents
aromatic plant used especially for liver and gallbladder (hepatitis, gallstones,
etc.), also diarrhea, hypertension. Fruit is edible and medicinal. Hardy
deciduous shrub to 10', spiny. Prefers light shade and calcareous soil.
Propagate by seed, division of suckers, or autumn cuttings.
officinalis Pot marigold
have astringent, antiseptic & anti-inflammatory properties, used internally
for liver & gynecological problems, externally for variety of skin
problems Hardy annual, 18", showy orange/yellow flowers. For any good
soil, prefers full sun. Direct sow early to late spring, thin to 6". Often
bursa-pastoris Shepherd's purse
diuretic, antiseptic herb used especially to stop bleeding - internal
(menstrual, post-partum) and external; also for cystitis. Often self-sows.
Winter annual , flowering to 18" from 6" rosette. Appreciates good soil,
sun to part shade. Best sown direct, autumn to early spring. Self-sows.
thalictroides Blue cohosh
root used especially to stimulate uterus and facilitate birth process,
also used for menstrual problems, endometriosis, rheumatism, arthritis,
etc Hardy perennial herb of rich woods, 2-3' Moist humus-rich soil, deciduous
shade. Seeds require.cold, warm, cold - emerge second spring.
asiatica Gotu kola
tonic plant with diurectic, detoxifying and immune stimulating properties.
Promotes healing, retards senility. Aids spiritual practices. Tender,
perennial herb, 6". Moist to wet soil , sun or light shade . Prpogates
by runners. Frost-susceptible, but easily overwintered indoors - keep
luteum False unicorn root
mainly for female reproductive system, stimulating uterus & ovaries.
For menstrual & menopausal problems, infertility, miscarrriage. Hardy
perennial herb , to 18" from 6" rosette. Attractive wildflower of rich
woods. Propagate by seed, autumn-early spring - stays small 1st year.
nobile Chamomile, Roman
bitter flower used mainly for digestive (poor appetite, dyspepsia, etc.)
and sedative (insomnia, anxiety) properties; soothing children, etc. Mat-forming
, hardy perennial herb, 2"(6" in bloom). Prefers well-drained soil and
sun. Propagate by division or seed, sown autumn-early spring.
majus Celandine poppy
cleansing, diuretic plant used internally for liver and gall bladder,
etc; externally for variety of skin & eye problems, warts, tumors.
Hardy perennial herb, 18", attractive. Prefers rich, moist soil, light
shade. Propagate by seed sown in flat in spring, space transplants 12"
, self sows
tonic plant especially for liver and digestive system; used for constipation,
chronic liver disease, anorexia, indigestion, jaundice, etc. Upright hardy
perennial herb to 3', ornamental. Moist to wet soil, part shade. Propagate
by seed sown in spring (requires light for germination).
ambrosioides Wormseed, Epazote
aromatic herb with insecticidal properties, primarily used against intestinal
worms. Cooked with beans to flavor and aid digestion . (epazote) Branching
annual/perennial herb to 3' +. Prefers good soil and sun. Easy from seed
in spring, may self-sow excessively if allowed to.
racemosa Black cohosh
tonic root withestrogenic, sedative, anti-inflammatory properties. Used
for menstrual and menopausal problems, anxiety attacks, bronchitis. Hardy
perennial herb/wildflower of rich woods, to 6' (in bloom). Propagate by
seed sown late summer (requires warm-cold-warm to germinate)
pilosula Dang shen
nutritious, tonic root, increasingly substituted for the more demanding
ginseng, for low energy , debility, poor appetite & digestion, etc.
Hardy herbaceous, perennial, twining vine, to 6'. Prefers rich, well-drained
soil, part shade. Propagate by seed sown early spring, direct or in flat.
batatas Cinnamon vine, Chin. yam
, tonic tuber, acting primarily on spleen, kidneys and lungs. Used for
low energy, poor digestion, asthma & cough, frequent urination . Strong,
twining, herbaceous perennial vine, 20' . Any goood soil, sun - part shade.
Easily propagated by aerial tubers, may become weedy
villosa Wild yam
antispasmodic root used for menstrual & labor pain, colitis, gastritis,
etc. Also for galll bladder complaints, asthma, arthritis. Twining herbaceous
perennial vine, 15'. Woodland herb, prefers good soil, part shade. Sow
seed in winter - early spring (cold aids germination).
purpurea Purple coneflower
antibiotic and antiviral plant used especially for immune system stimulation
(for colds and flu, also most infections and inflammations). Showy, hardy
perennial herb, 2-3'. Prefers rich moist soil and sun-light shade. Propagate
by division or seed sown in early spring; space plants 12"
prostrata/alba False daisy
for liver & kidney yin deficeiency (premature aging: tinnitus, vision
problems); also used to control internal bleeding. Benefits hair. Lax,
tender, annual herb to 12", spreading. Moist to wet soil, sun. Sow in
flat in spring, transplant when soil warms, spacing 12" apart
californica California poppy
anti-spasmodic plant with pain relieving properties. For nervous tension,
anxiety and insomnia. Helps calm overexcited, sleepless children. Ornamental
annual herb to 18". Prefers good garden soil and full sun. Best sown direct
- dislikes transplanting - in early spring, spacing 12"
plant used for colds, influenza, bronchitis, etc. Promotes sweating to
lower fever, stimulates immune system, expectorant and antispasmodic.
Upright hardy perennial herb to 4', attractive. Rich moist soil and sun.
Propagate by division or seed - sow on surface of flat in spring, keep
purpureum Joe Pye weed, Gravel root
diuretic, root used for kidney & urinary problems (stones, cystitus,
urethritis), menstrual and labor pain, rheumatism. Immune properties.
Giant, showy, hardy root perennial herb to 10' . 'Queen of the meadow',
prefers rich, moist soil and sun . Sow in spring, space plants 2' apart.
astringent plant with antacid and pain relieving properties. Used for
hyperacidity & heartburn, gastritis, ulcers; also rheumatism and flu.
Attractive hardy perennial herb 2-4', bushy . Prefers damp rich soil and
light shade. Divide, or sow in flat in spring, do not cover , keep moist.
plant with antispasmodic properties. Seeds promotes digestion and lactation,
root used for urinary problems. Relieves colic and griping cramps. Hardy
perennial plant, 4', feathery leaves & yellow flowers. Tolerates most
soils, sun. Sow direct in spring, thinning to 2' spacing.
maculatum Wild geraniium
antiseptic plant used for diarrhea (children, elderly), ulcers, colitis,
internal bleeding, excessive menstruation. Externally for hemorrhoids.
Attractive hardy perennial herb/wildflower, 1-2'. Woods edges: prefers
rich, moist soil, part shade, Best sown outdoors in autumn, or divide
astringent plant, leaves relax blood vessels and promote circulation to
brain and extremities; seeds used for asthma, coughs, incontinence. Hardy
deciduous tree, 100'+. Adaptable, prefers moist soil & sun. Sow recent
seed in spring, grow in container for 1 or 2 years before setting out.
flowers with sedative properties used for insomnia, anxiety, irritability
(but not depression ), nervous indigestion, irritable bowel; contains
estrogen. High climbing, twining, hardy herbaceous perennial vine. Prefers
rich moist soil, sun-part shade. Propagate by division from female plants
arborescens Wild hydrangea
soothing, diurectic root used for kidney & bladder stones, cystitis,
urethritis, prostatitis, etc. Hardy perennial shrub, 4-6', attractive.
Rich woods native: prefers humus soil and some shade. Sow in spring, pressing
seed into surface, keep moist
alterative root with antibiotic, anti-inflammatory properties. Used internally
& externally for infection; also digesstive & menstrual problems.
Colonial, hardy perennial herb, 12". Rich woods native ;humus-rich soil,
part-full shade. Seed needs 2 winters, never drying out; or divide from
perforatum St. John's wort
anti-inflammatory herb, for anxiety,nervous tension, PMS. Oil used esternally
for wounds (esp. with nerve damage), sores, burns, earache. Hardy perennial
herb, 2', spreading by runners. Well-drained to dry, sandy soil; sun.
Divide, or sow on surface (add sand to starting mix) keep moist.
tonic plant primarily used as a sedative & expectorant for colds,
flu, bronchitis. Promotes sweating to lower fever, antiviral, aids digestive
system. Hardy perennial subshrub to 2', attractive. Well-drained to dry,
neutral to alkaline soil, full sun. Propagate by summer cuttings or spring
tonic root with alterative, expectorant, antibacterial, immune stimulating
and anti-inflammatory properties. Primarily for cough, lung problems.
Giant hardy perennial herb, to 10', ornamental. Rich, moist, well -drained
soil and sun-light shade. Sow in flat in spring, covering shallowly. Space
cooling plant used to 'clear heat and relieve toxicity.' Useful for any
feverish disease, especially epidemic, and sore swollen throat as in mumps.
Hardy biennial plant, 2-4' (2nd year), attractive in bloom. Rich, well-drained
soil in sun. Sow direct, autumn or spring, thin to 12-18" apart.
aromatic fruit with antiseptic and diuretic action. Used for cystitus,
urethritis, kidney inflammation; also to stimulate digestion and appetite.
Hardy evergreen shrub or small tree. Tolerates most soils, sun or light
shade. Propagate by autumn cuttings, seed germination difficult.
serriola, virosa Wild lettuce
plant with sedative, expectorant and pain relieving properties. Used for
insomnia and anxiety, also coughs and bronchitis. Upright hardy biennial
herb to 5'. Tolerates dry soil, sun to light shade. Sow direct in autumn
or spring, thin to 12" spacing.
aromatic, tonic flowers with antispasmodic, antidepressant, circulatory
stimulant properties. Used for anxiety, tension headaches, indigestion.
Hardy perennial subshrub to 2'. Well-drained, neutral soil, full sun.
Propagate by cuttings, or seed sown in flats, early spring (cold aids
cardiaca Motherwort, American
plant with sedative & antispasmodic properties. Uterine stimulant
& relaxant, cardiac & nerve tonic . For heart palpitation, menstrual
problems. Upright, hardy perennial herb to 4'. Good soil, sun to light
shade. Propagate by division or seed (may be sown direct); self-sows
sibiricus Motherwort, Siberian
diurectic plant which regulates mensruation, improves blood circulation,
stimulates uterus andfights infection. Seeds used for sore, red eyes.
Upright, hardy biennial herb to 6' (2nd year). Tolerant, prefers rich,
moist soil, sun-part shade. Easily propagated by seed sown in spring,
plant, mild sedative, astringent. Used for excessive menstruation, rapid
pulse, chronic lung problemsand, especially, overactive thyroid. Hardy
perennial herb, 1-2'. Prefers good, moist to wet soil, part shade. Sow
in flat in spring, transplant seedlings spacing 6-12" apart.
aromatic plant, with expectorant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic
properties. Used primarily for lungs: coughs, bronchitis, etc. Hardy perennial
plant, 1-2', bushy. Well-drained to dry soil, full sun. Propagate by division,
or by seed sown direct or in flat in spring. Spacing 12"
recutita Chamomile, German
bitter flower, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. For stomach disorders
(promotes gastric secretions), common cold, childhood complaints. Upright,
branching annual herb to 2'. Good garden soil, full sun. May be sown direct,
autumn or spring, or sow in flat & transplant, spacing 3-6".
officinalis Lemon balm
plant with sedative, cooling and antibiotic properties. Used for nervous
disorders & associated indigestion (adults & children), hyperthyroid.
Hardy perennial herb, 1-2'. Prefers rich, moist soil, sun-light shade.
Propagate by division, or seed sown autumn-early spring (cold aids germination).
x piperita Peppermint
plant with stimulant, antispasmodic and antiseptic properties. Used for
digestive disorders, colds & flu, nervous headaches; also externally.
Stoloniferous hardy perennial herb, 2-3'. Rich, damp soil, sun-part shade.
Propagate from stolons, autumn or spring; or by seed in spring.
repens Partridge berry
astringent plant diuretic. Used for menstrual problems and birth: strengthens
contractions & soothes pain; also nerves & irritability. Creeping,
evergreen, hardy perennial groundcover, 6". Moist, acid, humus soil and
shade. Propagate by division, or seed sown autumn-early spring.
alba Mulberry, white
used for feverish colds; fruit tonifies liver, kidneys & vital essence;
root bark for asthma, 'hot' coughs; twigs relieve pain, anti-rheumatic.
Hardy deciduous tree to 50'. Tolerates most soils and situations, sun-light
shade. Propagate by seed (requires cold period) or dormant cuttings.
astringent plant with sedative properties. Promotes sweating - lowers
fever (colds & flu). Also infant colic & diarrhea, irritability.
Hardy perennial plant, 2-3',bushy. Tolerant, prefers sun to light shade
& well-drained to dry soil. Propagate by seed (easy, self-sows), or
aromatic, restorative plant. Lowers fever (colds, flu ), relaxes spasms,
improves digestion. For gastrointestinal complaints, headache. Tender
annual , 2'. Good garden soil (moist, well drained), full sun. Easily
propagated from seed sown in warm soil - direct or transplant.
japonicus Lily turf
soothing tonic tuber with sedative properties. Controls cough, lubricates
bronchial & digestive tracts, treats irritability &insomnia. Hardy
evergreen perennial with grass-like leaves, used as ground cover. Good
soil, sun-pt. shade Prop. by division or seed (cold aids germination).
aromatic, warming plant - antispasmodic, antiseptic. For colds & flu,
stomach upset, cough. Stimulates uterus: for painful menstruation. Hardy
perennial herb, 2'. Prefers well-drained, neutral soil and full sun. Propagate
by division of clumps, cuttings or seed sown in warm soil.
cooling, tonic root, relaxes muscle spasms, relieves pain, builds blood.
Used for a variety of female reproductive disorders. Hardy perennial herb,
3', shrubbby, ornamental. Rich moist soil, full sun-part shade. Propagate
by division of crowns (autumn) or seed (slow).
quinquefolius Ginseng, American
cooling, tonic root which counteracts weakness & fatigue, aids recovery,
improves response to stress. Used against fever & for lungs. Hardy
perennial herb, 12". Rich deciduous wooods (requires shade). Propagate
by seed - must never dry out, germinates second spring.
narcotic, sedative plant, which relieves pain and relaxes spasms, controls
coughing and diarrhea. Upright winter annual, 2-4', ornamental. Good garden
soil, full sun. Direct sow in autumn (in mild winter areas) or early spring.
incarnata Passion flower, Maypop
cooling plant with sedative pain-relieving antispasmodic properties. Used
for anxiety, nervous & premenstrual tension, insomnia, etc. Hardy
perennial woody vine to 30', suckering , ornamental. Prefers sandy soil,
sun. Propagate by division, cuttings or seed (heat improves germination)
frutescens Perilla, shiso, zi su
& fruit (seeds) are used to regulate vital energy. Leaves for colds
with chill, headache, mastitis; Fruit for cough, asthma, constipation.
Tender upright annual, 2-3'. Tolerant, prefers moist rich soil, sun-light
shade. Direct sow in warm soil; will self-sow.
aromatic plant which is diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, emmmenagogue.
For cystitis, prostratitis, indigestion, menstrual problems Hardy biennial,
1-2'. Prefers rich, moist, well-drained soil and sun. Sow in spring, direct
or in flat; slow to germinate.
pungent plant , alterative & anti-inflammatory, stimulates immune
& lymph systems, clears toxins. For swollen glands, rheumatism, arthritis.
Stout perennial herb to 10' attractive. Rich soil, sun or light shade.
Propagate by seed sown in spring; self-sows and potentially weedy.
warming plant with stimulant & expectorant properties. Improves digestion,
promotes lactation. For coughs, colds, colic, flatulence, etc. Slender
annual, 2'. Prefers well-drained to sandy, neutral to alkaline soil and
sun. Needs heat to ripen seeds. Direct sow in warm soil.
diuretic herb,antibacterial, expectorant, promotes healing. Internally
for bronchitis, cystitis, diarrhea. Externally for wounds, stings, etc.
Hardy perennial herb, 12". For any good soil, sun or light shade. Propagate
by seed sown in spring, or division. Self-sows, may become weedy.
grandiflorus Balloon flower
pungent, tonic root/food with expectorant action. Used primarily for coughs,
bronchitis, lung abcess, throat infections, etc. Upright, multistalked
perennial plant,2-3', ornamental. Rich, well-drained to sandy soil,sun.
Propagate by seed - cold period aids germination.
multiflorum Fo ti
tonic root, rejuvenates liver & reproductive systems, supplements
blood & vital energy. Menstrual & menopausal complaints, aging.
Rampant perennial vine, 20'+. Rich, moist, well-drained to sandy soil,
sun. Propagate by cuttings or division. Invasive when established.
plant/food, diuretic, antibacterial, clears toxins. Rich source of vitamins,
minerals, anti-oxidants, omega3 fatty acids: to boost immunity. Spreading
annual, 6-12". Succeeds in any good soil and full sun. Sow direct when
soil is warm; self-sows and may become weedy.
veris Cowslip primrose
expectorant herb, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory. Used for bronchitis,
insomnia, headache; soothes restless children. Hardy perennial herb, 12".
Spring wildflower preferring rich, damp, neutral-alkaline soil, part shade,
Propagate by seed (cold aids germination), division.
vulgaris Self-heal, healall
diuretic herb which lowers fever & blood pressure, anti-bacterial.
For hemorrhage, excess menstruation. Also used externally. Hardy perennial
herb, 1-2'. Moist, well-drained soil, sun to part shade. Propagate by
seed sown in early spring, or division of clumps.
trifoliata Hop tree, wafer ash
pungent, tonic bark, which lowers fever, improves digestion and expels
parasites (worms). Used for fevers, digestive problems. Hardy small tree,
10-20', fragrant in bloom. Moist, well-drained soil, sun to part shade.
Propagate by seed (cold period aids germination).
cooling tonic root, increases perspiration, relieves pain, soothes digestion.
For colds, flu, fever, indigestion, neck and shoulder tension. Hardy,
woody vine, 50'+, rampant and invasive. Prefers warm, rich, sandy soil
and sun. Propagate by division, cuttings or seed (scarify or hot-water
seed which improves digestion, also expectorant & antibiotic. Primarily
used for indigestion, abdominal bloating, diarrhea, 'food stagnation'.
Hardy annual, 1-3'. Succeeds in any good garden soil, likes full sun.
Propagate by seed direct sown in cool season.
rugosa Japanese rose
tonic fruit. Fruits are a source of vit. C & flavonoids. Flowers for
poor appetite and digestion, excessive menstration. Hardy, suckering shrub
to 6', ornamental. Rich soil (tolerates sandy, seaside), sun or light
shade. Propagate by division or seed sown in autumn.
herb with restorative, antispasmodic and pain relieving properties. For
depression, migraine, poor circulation, nervous indigestion, memory. Tender
evergreen shrub, 3'. Well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil, full sun.
Propagate by cuttings, or seed (sow in flat in warm soil).
leaf used primarily to tone the uterus during pregnancy in preparation
for birth. Also used for diarrhea and externally: eyewash & gargle
Hardy, spreading shrub, 6+, invasive. For any good soil, sun or light
shade. Propagate by division of suckers or seed, sown in spring.
crispus Yellow/curled dock
cooling, astringent root which stimulates liver & gall bladder, clears
toxins. Used for liver and chronic skin disorders, anemia. Hardy, perennial
herb, flowering to 3' form 12" rosette. Tolerant, prefers good soil and
sun. Propagate by seed direct sown in spring, germination erratic.
alba, nigra, etc Willow
astringent, cooling bark which relieves pain and lowers fever, anti-inflammatory.
For rheumatism, arthritis, headache, feverish illnesses. Hardy deciduous
trees preferring moist to wet soil (streamsides), and full sun. Propagate
by cuttings struck in wet soil, summer or winter.
herb: antiseptic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory. Suppresses perspiration
and lactation. Indigestion, depression, anxiety, menopause. Hardy perennial
shrub, 2'. Prefers well-drained, neutral to alkaline soil, full sun. Propagate
by cuttings or seed sown in spring (cold aids germination).
bark, flowers &fruit used. Treat colds & flu, fever, constipation,
rheumatism, arthritis. Externally for injuries & inflammation, mouth,
eyes. Hardy, suckering shrub/small tree to 10'. Rich, moist soil, sun
to part shade. Propagate by division or seed (spring sown in compost-rich
cooling, astringent herb: controls bleeding, promotes healing, anti-inflammatory
, antibiotic. Diarrhea, hemorrhage. Externally; burns, sores. Hardy, perennial
herb, 2', attractive. Prefers rich, moist neutral soil, sun to part shade.
Propagate by seed sown in early spring, or division.
hortensis Savory, summer
astringent herb which is natiseptic and expectorant, improves digestion,
stimulates uterus. For indigestion, nausea, menstrual disorders. Annual,
1-2'. Tolerant, prefers well-drained to dry, neutral to alkaline soil
and full sun. Direct sow when soil has warmed.
astringent, warming fruit, tonic to kidney, heart, nervous & immune
systems. Used for cough, asthma, urinary & reproductive disorders.
Hardy, high-climbing, woody vine, dioecious. Prefers moist rich soil,
part shade. Propagate by seed (cold aids germination), cuttings or division.
diuretic root, relieves pain, stimulates liver, heart & circulation.
Internally & externally for chronic skin diseases, mastitis, swollen
lymph. Hardy perennial herb to 3', bushy. Good, moist to wet soil, light
shade. Propagate by seed sown in spring, or division.
lateriflora Mad dog skullcap
tonic herb with sedative, antispasmodic prooperities, lowers fever. Used
for nervous complaints, insomnia, irritability, drug withdrawal. Hardy
perennial herb, 1-2', spreading by rhizomes. Prefers rich, damp-wet soil,
light shade. Propagate by seed sown in spring, or division.
aureus Liferoot, golden ragwort
astringent, diuretic plant; stimulates uterus, controls bleeding. Used
for failure to menstruate, menopausal complaints, prolonged labor, etc.
Hardy perennial herb, 2-3'. Prefers moist soil, sun to part shade. Propagate
by seed sown autumn to early spring.
marianum Milk thistle
tonic, diuretic seed which regenerates liver and aids digestion. Used
for liver & gallbladder (cirrhosis, hepatitis), appetite stimulant.
Hardy annual or biennial (winter annual) to 5', ornamental, very prickly.
Rich, well-drained soil, sun. Direct sow, autumn or early spring.
cooling plant which promotes healing and relieves itching. Internally
for rheumatism, arthritis; externally for itching skin conditions. Winter
annual, 6-12", spreading. Prefers rich, moist, cool soil, sun to part
shade. Direct sow, autumn or early spring; self-sows, may become weedy.
cooling plant: expectorant, astringent, anti-inflammatory, soothing &
healing. Used externaly for fractures, skin problems, etc. Hardy perennial
herb, 3', multi-stalked. Rich, moist soil, sun to light shade. Propagate
by division or root cuttings. Difficult to remove once established.
cooling, tonic herb which relieves pain and lowers fever, anti-spasmodic.
Used for headaches (esp. migraine), rheumatism & arthritis, menstrual.
Hardy, short-lived perennial herb, 2'. Well-drained to dry soil, sun to
part shade. Propagate by seed sown (on surface) in spring, or division.
cooling plant, diuretic & laxative, stimulates liver & improves
digestion. For gall bladder & urinary disorders, chronic skin problems.
Hardy perennial herb, 12". Tolerant, prefers rich, well-drained soil,
full sun. Sow direct or in flat, in spring. Self-sowing and frequently
warming herb; astringent, expectorant, antiseptic & antifungal. For
bronchitis & asthma, indigestion & diarrhea; also used externally.
Hardy perennial, 6", attractive groundcover. Prefers well-drained, neutral-alkaline
soil, full sun. Propagate by division or sow in flat in spring.
pratense Red clover
cooling flowers are alterative, expectorant, antispasmodic. Internally
for skin complaints (psoriasis, eczema), cancer, cough. Also used externally.
Hardy perennial herb 20 2'. Tolerant, prefers fertile, well-drained soil,
full sun. Direct sow, early spring to autumn. Soil builder (fixes nitrogen)
bittersweet herb is expectorant, antispasmodic & anti-inflammatory.
Primarily for cough and lung conditions; also in herbal smoking mixtures.
Stoloniferous, hardy perennial herb to 12". Prefers rich, moist to wet
soil and sun. Propagate by fresh seed sown on surface in spring, or division.
plant is tonic, nutritive, diuretic. Controls bleeding (uterine, menstrual),
also for skin complaints (eczema), arthritis, anemia, etc. Hardy perennial
herb, 4'+, spreading by roots. Prefers rich (humus, nitrogen), moist soil,
sun to part shade. Propagate by division or seed (in flat, spring)
root is sedative, anispasmodic, aids digestion and relieves pain. For
insomnia, anxiety, nervous disorders including nervous indigestion, etc.
Hardy perennial herb, 4'+, attractive, fragrant. Prefers rich moist soil,
sun or light shade. Propagate by seed sown in flat in spring, or division
mucilaginous plant is expectorant, promotes healing. Primarily for cough
& lung problems; also externally (sores, earache) and in smoking mixtures
Stout, upright, hardy biennial to 8', ornamental. Tolerant, prefers fertile,
well-drained soil and sun. Propagate by seed sown in spring - will self-sow
hastata Blue vervain
plant with alterative properties used for liver and respiratory disorders,
menstrual complaints, indigestion, colds & flu, etc. Hardy annual
or perennial herb, 2-4', ornamental purple blooms. For average soil, sun
or part shade. Sow seed in early spring (cold aids germination).
cooling plant, astringent diuretic, anti-inflammatory, calming, promotes
lactation. Used for nervous & menstrual complaints. Magical associations
Hardy annual / short-lived perennial herb, 2-3'. Well-drained soil and
sun. Propagate by seed (sown in spring), division, or stem cuttings
virginicum Culver's root
root with tonic, laxative and antispasmodic actions. Used primarily for
liver and gall bladder complaints and to aid digestion. Rhizomatous hardy
perennial herb, 3-5', attractive. Prefers well-drained, moist soil, sun
to part shade. Propagate by division or seed (cold aids germination)
opulus / pruni- folium Crampbark
astringent bark is sedative & antispasmodic, regulates uterine function.
For menstrual, ovarian & post-partum pain, muscle cramps, miscarriage
Hardy, deciduous shrub/tree, 15'+. Adaptable, prefer rich moist soil,
sun or part shade. Propagate by cuttings or seed (requires several warm-cold
tricolor Heart's ease
bittersweet herb is anti-inflammatory, expectorant, promotes healing.
Uses include cough, rheumatism, fevers, skin conditions (eczema), etc.
Hardy annual / short-lived perennial herb, 12", attractive. Moist, well-drained
soil, sun-part shade; likes cool. Propagate by seed (autumn-spring); self-sows.
bittersweet which regulates hormones. Primarily for gynecological problems
including menstrual, menopausal (depression), breasts, etc. Deciduous
shrub to 15'x15', ornamental. Borderline hardy in zone 6. Tolerates poor,
dry soil, prefers sun. Sow seed in spring, grow in container 1st year.
bittersweet root is tonic and sedative. Primary rejuvenative in Ayurvedic
medicine: used for aging, debility, convalescence, insomnia,infertlity,
etc Tender, evergreen shrub to 5', often grown as annual. Prefers fertile,
well-drained soil, sun. Sow seed in spring and set out when soil has warmed.
simplicissima Yellow root
root is antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, immune stimulant and uterine
tonic. A more easily grown substitute for (endangered) goldenseal. Hardy
shrub, 2-3', spreading by roots, attractive ground cover. Streamsides,
low woods: prefers damp soil, sun/part shade. Prop. by division, root
mays Corn silk
is soothing and diuretic. Used for cystitis, urethritis, prostratitis,etc.
Prevents formation of urinary stones Tender annual to 6'+. The familiar
grain / vegetable. Prefers rich soil and full sun. Direct sow in spring
when soil has warmed.
warming root is stimulant, expectorant and antispasmodic. Used for digestive
problems (nausea), cough, colds & flu, circulatory problems, etc.
Tender, rhizomatous perennial herb, 3'+. Prefers rich, moist, well-drained,
neutral soil; sun to part shade. Divide roots (from grocery), plant in
fruit is soothing, sedative and tonic. Used for insomnia, digestive &
nervous problems. Harmonizes herb formulas & neutralizes sids effects
Hardy, deciduous small tree to 30'. Adaptable, fruits best in hot, dry
areas. Propagate from root suckers, cuttings, or seed (difficult).